Friday, 10 April 2020

ORGANIC FARMING- PESTS - Millipedes, Friend and Foe

If you are following this blog then you will already know about the compost making process that we use on the Sands at Nomad's farm. Recently however we have identified quite a serious problem that we were actually encouraging due to our compost making technique.

Young Millipedes in a compost pile
We LOVE Millipedes (Aka Chongololo or Mombasa Train) on the farm as they have proven to be one of the fastest decomposers, if one opens any of our compost piles or even has a look into our final compost product one would notice there are quite a few Millipedes of different types and sizes.. all doing their thing, eating rotting organic matter and pooping out nutrient rich compost.


BUT, as we have found out recently, we have been literally 'breeding' Millipedes due to our compost making, which is fine... until they end up in the growing beds with the little seedlings.
We noticed this problem when we planted some spinach in one of the old broken Jacuzzis. Just before planting we added some compost to the soil, then we planted, watered with rain water and waited. Within a couple of days the spinach seeds had germinated in neat little lines, so satisfying.. the next day 95% of them were GONE!

What happened! Well, the Millipedes did their job and made the compost, many of the little ones were still in the ready compost when it was added to the Jacuzzi, They were trapped inside as they cannot climb the inside walls.. they had no decomposing matter to eat.. so they ate our spinach seedlings and then buried themselves into the soil during the day.


Having identified the pest (who we knowingly created perfect conditions for) we tilled Jacuzzi and removed over 20 Millepedes who were hiding in the soil. 

Loosing the Spinach seedlings was sad but problems like this go hand in hand with organic (pesticide free) farming.

There is however bonuses we take from this- Now that we have recognised that we have been breeding Millepedes which can be detrimental to a farm we are making sure that there are no Millepedes in the final stage compost before it is put in the grow beds.

Consideration? Maybe?
The extra extra bonus? Think 'Circular Economy', a Sustainability jargon word. The Millipedes (and other pests), collected from the compost, put into a bucket and then taken to.. drum-roll.. the Chickens! This adds to their free range diet if they agree to eat it. Chickens can be picky peckers.

Final stage compost is now inside an old Jacuzzi to keep the MPD's out.
NB- for those of you that have thatch roofs like many of us on the Kenyan coast.. be very aware of putting your compost pile too close to the house. If you breed Millipedes and they are able to climb into your roof the 10 year lifespan Makuti (coconut thatch) may be gone and need replacing in 5 years. Keep them far away. ;0)

Monday, 6 April 2020

REPURPOSING- The multiple uses of things

We have touched on this subject a number of times in the past years so this post will just be adding some other ideas to the concept of being able to repurpose things rather than make them 'waste' and a problem for the environments, both natural and social.

Recently the Sands at Nomad's farm has been very lucky to have inherited a huge, stainless steel, double door fridge from the restaurant. We could have sold it for scrap as stainless steel is valuable but that would have meant loosing out on the opportunity items like this give us.

Fridge in life one, fish tank in life two.
We have positioned the fridge on its back, (the compressor was removed safely!) doors removed, right next to the Wormary. We filled it with water, blocked a couple of leaks, added some aquatic plants let it sit for a few days and then added some of the Mozambican red Tilapia fish from the farm pond. The plan? Well more of an experiment, to see if its possible to grow the Tilapia to edible size in a 'waste' fridge using worms and bread to feed them. (Zero cost) Sure this is 'take 1' so the plan is sure to grow and develop.. like any fluid, natural, dynamic working system does.

Inhabitants
The second repurpose for show and tell is the Ghost Net* collected off the Diani Reef by staff at The Crab dive centre. This ghost net has been suspended between a Cashewnut tree and a palm tree, it is hanging on an old windsurfer mast to give it strength and it is fast becoming a trellis (climbing frame) for our next generation of Cherry Tomatoes.



*Below is what the Olive Ridley Project (Sea Turtle Conservation) have to say about Ghost Nets. Source  www.oliveridley.org

'Ghost nets are commercial fishing nets that have been lost, abandoned, or discarded at sea. Every year they are responsible for trapping and killing millions of marine animals including sharks, rays, bony fish, turtles, dolphins, whales, crustaceans, and birds. Ghost nets cause further damage by entangling live coral, smothering reefs and introducing parasites and invasive species into reef environments'.

ANOTHER GOOD REASON TO MAKE COMPOST FROM ORGANIC WASTE- Larvae Farming

If you have been reading this blog you will know the reason why we at the Nomad farm collect up all the fruit and vegetables (organic) waste...